Print

Hog Production in Canada

With revenues amounting to over three billion Canadian dollars (see Table 3), the pork sector accounts for 30% of total livestock shipments and for 10% of all farm cash receipts.

Hog production is a vital component of Canada's agricultural economy. Each province shares in this production in quality and in volume (see Table 1). Canada is favoured with adequate grain production allowing for selective, controlled feeding and with reasonable feed costs.

Virtually all commercial hog production in Canada takes place in a controlled environment which implies that, at all times of the year, animals are kept in buildings specialized to the farrowing, growing and finishing stages of raising market hogs. The most common hog production unit today is a specialized farrow-to-finish operation of 200 to 250 sows, which can be managed efficiently by a single family.

Farrow-to-finish reduces significantly productivity losses associated with stress of movement, adaptation to new environments, changing feed regimes and transmission of diseases. Also, producers can monitor the performance of animals through to maturity, thereby observing final results of breeding programs and other management practices.

Healthy quality breeding stock is the cornerstone of our hog industry. A strong infrastructure is in place and working in Canada to co-ordinate the ongoing program of swine improvement. In 1984, Canada introduced a sow productivity and management system and for the last three years, our sow productivity improved 11 % compared to other leading hog producing countries recording increases of 1% to 2%.

  Table 1
ORIGIN OF HOGS SLAUGHTERED
IN CANADIAN PACKING PLANTS 2012
  Hogs
British Columbia - Alberta 2,890,650
Saskatchewan - Manitoba 5,784,752
Ontario 4,430,997
Québec-Atlantic Provinces 8,014,106
   
Total 21,120,505
(Source: Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Provincial Governments)

Atlantic Provinces include New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland

  Table 2
NUMBER OF PIGS ON CANADIAN FARMS ('000)
(1996-2011)
  Sows for breeding
and bred gilts
Boars, 6 months
and over
Under 20 kg 20-60 kg Over 60 kg Total
1996  1091,3 61,0 3,300,0 3,503,5 3,632,2 11,588,0
1997 1136,4 58,0  3,227,6 3,571,3 3,486,2  11,479,5
1998  1232,9 59,7 3,504,6 3,586,6 3,619,1 12,002,9
1999  1246,9 59,3 3,818,2 3,696,3 3,652,7 12,473,4
2000  1296,5 49,2 3,918,3 3,915,8 3,724,6 12,904,4
2001  1360,6 45,6 4,114,5 4,126,9 3,928,0 13,575,5
2002  1468,0 44,4 4,236,0 4,338,4 4,280,3 14,367,1
2003  1526,7 41,8 4,368.5 4,454.1 4,353.1 14,745.0
2004  1576.1 39,2 4,544.5 4,370.5 4,194.7 14,725.0
2005 1597.1 36.5 4,487.0 4,412.8 4,276.6 14,810.0
2006 1570.6  34.7 4,475.8  4,623.0  4,405.9  15,110.0
2007 1545.8  33.3 4,545.1  4,531.7  4,251.1  14,907.0 
2008 1482.5  29.7 4,471.9  3,962.0  3,863.9  13,810.0 
2009 1371.2  23.8 3,688.6  3,618.8  3,477.6  12,180.0 
2010 1310.4  21.6 3,598.5  3,604.6  3,299.6  11,835.0 
2011 1295.4  18.2 3,613.0  3,429.1  3,554.3  11,910.0 
2012            
(Source - Statistics Canada)

  Table 3
CANADIAN HOGS MARKETED IN CANADA
- 1985-2010
(IN THOUSANDS OF HEADS)
   
1985 15,604.4
1986 14,900.9
1987 15,162.2
1988 16,306.8
1989 16,445.7
1990 15,574.6
1991 15,389.0
1992 16,140.2
1993 16,041.4
1994 16,391.1
1995 17,518.7
1996 17,958.4
1997 18,565.1
1998 21,065.2
1999 23,058.4
2000 24,043.9
2001 26,046.3
2002 327,880.1
2003 29,887.0
2004 31,383.3
2005 30,534.9
2006 30,566.0
2007 31,300.7
2008 31,063.5
2009 28,082.3
2010 27,023.2
(Source - Statistics Canada)
Web Design by Egzakt
Latest updates: 2014/06/12