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Hog Production in Canada

With revenues amounting to over three billion Canadian dollars (see Table 3), the pork sector accounts for 30% of total livestock shipments and for 10% of all farm cash receipts.

Hog production is a vital component of Canada's agricultural economy. Each province shares in this production in quality and in volume (see Table 1). Canada is favoured with adequate grain production allowing for selective, controlled feeding and with reasonable feed costs.

Virtually all commercial hog production in Canada takes place in a controlled environment which implies that, at all times of the year, animals are kept in buildings specialized to the farrowing, growing and finishing stages of raising market hogs. The most common hog production unit today is a specialized farrow-to-finish operation of 200 to 250 sows, which can be managed efficiently by a single family.

Farrow-to-finish reduces significantly productivity losses associated with stress of movement, adaptation to new environments, changing feed regimes and transmission of diseases. Also, producers can monitor the performance of animals through to maturity, thereby observing final results of breeding programs and other management practices.

Healthy quality breeding stock is the cornerstone of our hog industry. A strong infrastructure is in place and working in Canada to co-ordinate the ongoing program of swine improvement. In 1984, Canada introduced a sow productivity and management system and for the last three years, our sow productivity improved 11 % compared to other leading hog producing countries recording increases of 1% to 2%.

  Table 1
ORIGIN OF FEDERALLY AND PROVINCIALLY INSPECTED HOG
SLAUGHTER IN CANADIAN PACKING PLANTS 2016
  Hogs
British Columbia  208,7467
Alberta 2,233,435
Saskatchewan 1,701,899
 Manitoba 4,5794551 
 Ontario 5,256,520 
 Quebec 7,219,418 
 New Brunswick 10,120 
 Nova Scotia 11,540 
 Prince Edward Island 42,331 
   
 CANADA TOTAL 21,263,560
   

Source: Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Provincial Governments as compliled by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Animal Industry Division)
Note: Newfoundland and Labrador data not available

  Table 2
NUMBER OF PIGS ON CANADIAN FARMS ('000)
(January, 1996-2017)
  Sows for breeding
and bred gilts
Boars, 6 months
and over
Under 23 kg 23-53 kg Over 54 kg Total
1996  1,091.3 61.0 3,300.0 3,503.5 3,632.2 11,588.0
1997 1,136.4 58.1  3,316.6 3,571.3 3,486.2  11,479.5
1998 1,229.0 58.1 3,504.9 3,634.8 3,558.5 11,985.3
1999  1,250.1 54.0 3,872.2 3,677.6 3,575.5 12,429.4
2000  1,296.5 49.2 3,918.3 3,915.8 3,724.6 12,904.4
2001  1,360.6 45,6 4,114.5 4,126.9 3,928.0 13,575.5
2002  1,468.0 44.4 4,239.3 4,338,4 4,283.7 14,375.0
2003  1,526.7 41.8 4,368.9 4,454.1 4,353.5 14,745.0
2004  1,576.1 39.2 4,544.5 4,370.5 4,194.7 14,725.0
2005 1,597.1 36.5 4,487.0 4,412.8 4,276.6 14,810.0
2006 1,570.6  34.7 4,475.8 4,623.0 4,405.9  15,110.0
2007 1,532.1 34.6 4,328.1 4,724.6 4,360.6 14,980.0
2008 1,445.2  33.4 4,865.8 3,205.9 4,529.7 14,080.0
2009 1,315.7 28.7 4,373.1 2,901.3 4,081.2 12.700.0
2010 1,226.7  27.3 4,366.1 2,866.8 3,978.1 12,465.0
2011 1,192.7  24.2 4,539.7 2,492.1 4,366.3 12,615.0
2012 1,193.5  23.9 4,626.8 2,399.2 4,381.6  12,625.0
2013 1,189.0  23.2  4,629.3  2,351.1  4,417.4  12,610.0
2014 1,188.0  23.0  4,677.5  2,414.1  4,637.4  12,940.0 
2015 1,200.7  23.2  4,719.2  2,447.8  4,789.1  13,180.0 
2016 1,213.3  23.2  4,856.1  2,449.8  4,967.6  13,510.0 
2017 1,227.8  23.3  4,879.2  2,528.7  5,066.0  13,725.0 
             
(Source - Statistics Canada)

  Table 3
CANADIAN HOGS MARKETED IN CANADA
- 1985-2016
(IN THOUSANDS OF HEADS)
   
   
1996 17,958.4
1997 18,565.1
1998 21,065.2
1999 23,058.4
2000 24,043.9
2001 26,046.3
2002 32,880.1
2003 29,887.0
2004 31,383.3
2005 30,534.9
2006 30,566.0
2007 31,300.7
2008 31,063.5
2009 28,182.3
2010 27,056.6
2011 27,083.3
2012 26,959.3
2013 25,705.4
2014 25,455.7
2015 27,124.9
2016 27,092.8
   
(Source - Statistics Canada)
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Latest updates: 2017/03/23